نوع مقاله : مروری
استاد گروه معماری، مدیرگروه معماری دانشگاه فنی و حرفه ای دختران بیرجند
عنوان مقاله [English]
Today, the undeniable fact has been proven that children in infancy do not only need physical care, but attention should include all aspects of their existence,including psychological, emotional, personality,intelligence, cognitive and moral aspects. Many educators believe that the personality of every human being is formed in the first 6 years of his life.It should also be noted that the buildings used as kindergartens are generally residential and other uses that are not architecturally appropriate to the needs of children. In order for childish landscapes to have a positive effect on the child's development process in various dimensions, its design must be based on theoretical and principled principles that are based on the child's comprehensive knowledge.According to the theories of psychologists such as Jean Piaget, the atmosphere of the child's home should be able to influence the mental, emotional and creative forces of the child and thus participate in his education and create a fresh environment for him. Jean Piaget the most effective theory.According to Piaget, intellectual development arises from the "interaction" of the child and the world around him,so in this study,by descriptive-analytical review of the literature on the subject, we aim to create a sense of belonging and then by examining the types of spaces from the perspective of children and analyzing the interests,we will achieve the attractiveness and ugliness of the spaces from their perspective,which ultimately this way of examining thepsychology of the environment will help create an intimate environment to attract children.Finally,based on the three main criteria of physical,functional and perceptual assessment as critical factors for futures scenarios,a scenario of a redevelopment plan that was more flexible,accessible and secure,was selected as a desirable placemaking plan for the study area,that this way of examining the psychology of theenvironment will help create a friendly environment to attract children.